eer : ;

Nats End Losing Streak; Mister Gus Wins Arlington Handicap (

Washington Post Cimes Herald :

SUNDAY, JULY 29, 1956 WTOP Radio (1500) TV (Ch. 9)

See Stories Page C-1

More TV Fun

Make sure you catch all the best ‘Sunumer TV shows. Get Washingion’s handiest and most compiete TV pro gram guide—TVY Week magarine— today end every Sunday with your Washington Post and Times Herald.

The © eather

7 ete —Whetis amy. comier and less humuif wort (te ingh wmperature near tegqeees NWonday—far and moder- ae esol. Seturiae > femperstures Hiath. 6) degpees af 22 mw an; low, 74 = @i3 a on Por detaie wee Page BZ)




aie ot

Coorrisht_ 1956

The Weebimcten Poot Ceompanr

Toth Year a 25 06°" =~ = —s Phone RE... 7-1234


britain Freezes All Egyptian Funds;

U.S. Protests Accusations by Nasser

All Possthle Done to Save

Passengers, Captain Says

(alzenw Deefemds (ew: Kalen Shop Ikad Pat 2 2D Wk 72 Mace

(Pde! Seren, Pope 47

SEW VS. Air The cutam @f Ge amen taken lomer Sodber Dora. Tepaung anew GP critarisay by seme peseeagers of i crewmen oD te snupaban-

demmg wera sat ondary eveTvinny jemitie was done to seve al) aie.

Rt Cant Pe Celene 2 ~wraecar oo 4) .*ars 2 wm corm tingef ww mata eleuece = possiti causes of fie disaster

Mam peeIgreTs grouset he wert of te eepnmen anf ccew'

Clewting Ghe Anise Dortal> colar wiih Ghee Sieediial moiershup Siaecdiéfiein.

Crtie hifteertis ctharget tive iivtats meay fom ee «26S 6d rest! gmewneh ttat ama! ef- ior Se Tair GF eee eoevret ue on Ther wee and thet geese cheney, goo erturess ver we carved aut.

T ALE? capa ene cut

eecont lier ster He

* orevparet

a 2 eee’

te ot ‘te offices

ihe Tie ee. we op erearet the “Atthes Dome

Quests auc @ Vetter fe —— of eure «or agung ie Tate’ Tamugsionad tenlines on he seh weve ec Guaaweweredt en atvrc of Tle Series.

On Ghee auaiiter af getting Gis passengers aaikiiy ava. Capt Calamai enill te Got oot thunk ef senting he commen off the shup uti) “tne afficer 9 charge raid mr tat we Ime oo more pessenges © jarrt

The Olle Lie wnefiiciilis Demag ei wee preesureet? ¢deud and come Trmssung ‘comm ite liner

Antires Doursz

,i>h wo Geet ant reer TmISSINE wnt Tresutert dead on the Sveokhein. ter allan Live anneinocermett "heer Tle ore. aie Geath wil w 3S wo De coill-


Tye 1} “4



hiwe oer " ae : Oures

wait. TITY ‘lig

*“STTi iT Tat "wHTl Lvs vesiugtions of the

unis war oe a

a the Gee atom lines

agence « URS geer Sottriomails the C meed

States flows Wierrctant Warne

Commiteer arf ter Coase Guard

pian thereug? suties of infrr-

TusaweD Gane? We Se ier


Bercaun curvet ta


; _ie%

chet croft ox

Star Govevrmest ow nor offi- caly cmeernef ect naling

Ji DW) CIDE Tee gato.

By Jim McNamasa Stal! Pnoiographer

‘Sailfish’ Fleet on Fishing Bay

aff Fishing Bav Yacht (leh. near Deitavilic.

Fire Sweeps

The Gallup Poll

ge Sheds [};e’s Health Shouldn’t

At Be Ng Be Issue, 2 Out of 3 Say

Three-Alarm Penis Warechou-e - Three Firemen Felled

Picture on Page 8-5)

By. George Gallup


PRINCETON, N. J, July 2% Today. as the issue of the

American Institute of Opinion

Democrats, more think should not be made an issue

& tareeelarm fire of Ul president's health persists, the than think it should:

ineowm oanigit swept throug? “Swe merchandise-filled storage eds of the Hechinger Co. at iS Maryland ave. Se. yester- ta


For Dene the flames threat- ened the irnm ¢ main warefouse ‘entaiung merchandise valued a almost Si million Fire Cieef J. W. Rav a ihe work of firemen and mit m the wind with sas the 45.0%6<quare-(oo structure

Tieee fGremen were felled vinle fighting the Siaze. None was seriousiy mjured

No estimate of damage was nade Joho W. Hechinger. a sarther im the Sardware and umber firm which specializes n do-+t-sourself items. said the famaged and destroyed goods were insured.

Waiter West. 2 yard man. dis covered the fire at 735 po. mm The second alarm was given at


"ot =

the warehouse was ¢ r When the brisk breeze shifted direction. the Games had be- gum t> sear the outside of the uarger Sulding

One fireman. Set. Charities J Hupomann. detmied for the day t the Zist Engine Company eollapset of smoke inhalaten and fatigue it was bis third ire of the day He and two whers, Pvt. Oscar E. Lyles and Pet. Calvert F. Magruder. both the Ist Engine Company were taken to Casualty Hospp wi—Lyles for a nail te foot. Magruder fer smoke




nilaiat on.

Institute finds voter reaction! shaping up along these lines: |

© Two out of every three vot-' ers hold the view that President) Eisenhower's health should not be made an issue in the election


©®A person's political views have a stromge effect on his theories as to the physical ft-| ness of the President to assume the burdens of renomination. Three times as many Demo erats think the President may save another heart attack as do Republicans.

© While only one


three out of every 10 think he may have another heart -at- tack.

To get some indication of the

mime Amerecen 228 and the third. by Chief ; territeri() wate. ie United wae af 237 when i appeared Sa the meties! i-

emanating from) Washington may have pene-' trated the thinking of voters. the Institute has just compieted a Nation-wide study.

The first question:

De you think President Et senkhower's health should or

hould not be made an tue *

m the election campaign” Sheald be . as Should not . & Ne eprmiocen 7 While GOP voters are over- whelmingly of the opinion that

moury to Mr Eisenhower's health should

net be made an issue. it is in- teresting te note tat,

among |

Rep. Dem. Ind. Should be ... 160% 43% 25% Sheuld net... 35 @ Gs Ne opinion .. 5 I 7 The next question:

From what you've heard or read, what's your best guess— will President Ewenhdwer likely have another heart at- tack tm the next four years, or not’

Yes, tikely will

Twice as many Democratic

Ss. voter in 19 Voters think the President will) wyartin told newsmen he did

Rep. Dem. Ind.

Yes, likely will 14% 42% 29% Ne, will net... 49 2 32 Camtsay ....37 3% Interviewers then asked:

From what you've heard or

likely have another stomach

im the next four |

Yes, likely will Ne, will not Can't say

Here are the “guesses” of voters in terms of how they classify themselves politically:


Rep. Dem. Yes, likely will 4% 16% 12% Ne. willaet.@ 41 3

an aoe. eS

American institute 1 Opraion

| Plenges im 15-Feot Hole Pastor Drowns in Anacostia River As He Prepares to Conduct Baptism

Before baptising some of his, youths dived repeatedly in an


wnat Monee a an L= wat ug

VW reertieer ing Gor 2 hh aya Lair, 2 tet eel 7 VT Veehkent Vaca td sectiom af Die W udb ang Pee eet Lines Beret

Tucn see Gp Gates Van At ecto Gor 2 fim: achettann cr James ant apETine we le


(Picture on Page AG)

The @year-cld pastor of the

flock. police said. Elder Mor-

attempt to rescue an. Harber police





Morg recovered the tr


Says 45.6c Is Package Hike _

el with "the President’ Gaza Area Mine . I the re . . b

had been in control of the ke Kills U. N. Aide

lative arm as well as the exece- :

mine been Kilied 2 United Nations truce oficial near the Garza Strip te

program would have _> Gay. israeli military seuthbori-

prosperity under a system of free prise at home.” For the U

i; Heit


7 > Heme COP = Cairo Trade . . >. For Nixon 10 Consult on Suez Sanct; As anction By Tom Lambert ' - N.Y. Herald Trimene Nees Service Manifesto Pledge The United States yesterday States’ disapproval of Eaypt's Is Im ' of Support Signed protested “vigorously” against seizure of the Suez Canal the “intemperate, imaccurate Earlier. this country’s ace By 90° - Williams and misleading statements” diplomatic trouble shooter few Cc ne . : ; ‘about the United States made hurriedly to London for talks anal Tompany s Also Offers Aid during the past few days by starting Monday with the Brit- Aacet: Blocked (President Abdel Gamal Nasser ish and French on the Canal. . id ; (Picture on Page A-2) of Egypt. jcrisis . By Raymond Lahr _The protest, delivered by| Deputy Under Secretary of Egypt Plans Plea Genet Pras Under Secretary of State Her-' State Robert Murphy left bere Te World Court eS bert Hoover Jr. during a 4) amid official imdications the Ninety per cent of the minute session yesterday after- United States would take no —— a Republican members of the vy - the State Department precipitate action although the | ON DON Julv oR Ss vy ex. wit gyptian Ambassador Government sympathizes fully A ag . moe ys _—. ced “af Ahmed Hussein, was rejected) with the British and French. Britain today froze all pub- ps full suppo |by the Egyptian official. | One American officiel sur-lic and private Egyptian Vice President Richard M.’ Lincoln White. State _ mised that Murphy would listen sterling holdings outside Nixon for renomination as ere - officer, ent he “as-/ to yee tg a proposals ' " ror’ .|sumed” Hoover also had told|®™ asters sti- President Eisenhower's run ~ gy ® lor’ of the United! Sea aS Cot} ning mate. | atts POLICY, Page U The pro-Nixon “manifesto,” | signed by 180 of 202 House Re- Busy Tw publicans, was a new blow to Y a campaign a so idential Assistant aro E. samen done wien'intwoe | COngTess Set Record of Gov. Christian A. Herter of “Sul anothe k was de- p ; > Still another attack was livered by Under Secretary of In asstnge 2878 Bills oe toner al ag Williams, a serv in t 1952 cam- B 7 oe" | paign as national chairman of| y Chalmers M. Roberts Citizens for Eisenhower-Nixon. | ; ous Sewer ) Williams made public «a The Eightyfourth Congress.jquickly said their asexpecied Nesser Warns London, “Dear Dick” letter in which he Which entered the historyielection year pieces. told Nixon be will be “delight-;books at midnight Friday.) Fer the Democratic je” to second his nomination. passed and sent to the Presi-| |Herter previously had agreed dent for signature or veto a \to place Nixon's name in nomi- record total of 2878 assorted nation. measures during the 224 days | Williams also struck hard at it was in session over a two- |Stassen’s argument that Nix-\year period. on's stock is low with independ-- But any attempt to assess ‘ent voters and would weaken the results, by totaling bills the ithe GOP ticket. passed or rejected, or the fate “Independents throughout of measures asked by President |the country . . . strongly favor Eisenhower, suffers from im- |your candidacy for Vice Presi- precision. dent,” Williams told Nixon. “A! For legislating is not like and ‘survey recently completed by baseball—there is no clear hit- ocratic the Gallup Poll showed that 48 or-out division. In the final |Per cent of the independents analysis, the assessment will be | polled favored you. The name’ made by the voters who select |Next closest to you had nine the 85th Congress at the polls |per cent.” on November 6 to work in unison also aoe yn > een ner Pig Ana Spokesmen for both parties his Democratic successor” 2s Britain's freeze order. re - - one “mane Seatens Githin ta! |be put it for International News “Te reports France Republican Party” qualified for! the office. But it said Nixon Union fas brought “undeniable pres-' _tige” to the office and deserves renomination. | Rep. Elford A. Cederberg (R-| .. Mich.) who helped circulate the|' U®deT the contract agree- statement said it showed sign- ™€™t with the steel companies ers consider Nixon “an asset 2®20unced Friday, the Nation's and a strengthening factor to. **¢¢!workers will receive a di- ward an overall Republican ‘ect W4ge increase this year of victory.” 105 ape F ¥ hour, pn Ses Among the 22 Hi creases of 9.1 cents in licans Be oomane ant mem and 1958. A story in The Wash- pear on the statement were Mi- "gon Post and Times Herald nority Leader Joseph:W. Martin °f Saturday gave the three-year Jr, (Mass.) and Rep. Charles A. “#8¢ Mcrease as 45.6 cents an Halleck (R-Ind.) who was GOP}»our. This figure is the union's floor leader in the 83rd Con-“Stmate of the package in- crease, including fringe bene- fits. Company officials say the package increase is closer to 55 right cents for the 3-year costract. thing (Related Story on Page AQ) “arguments over as chairman of the Republican| | se goon Be nominating convention. He add- | on fundamentals of ‘ed he did not think the conven) | hornton to Seek | foreign policy disagreement tion chairman should “become! ° tween the parties during ivolved in any way in a decision UU. S. Senate Seat (‘Oth Congress actually DENVER, July 2 <iienl Political claims aside, the “6-yearold former made ;


ment. ithe Republican nomination for agency, the various press asso Rep. Melvin R. Laird (R-Wis.), the United States Senate to- | ciations and members of

who signed the manifesto, is- day and challenged Charlies F. Washington Post and

sued a separate statement de- Brannan, a Democratic aspir- Herald staff,

iclaring House Republicans were ant to the office. “to a cotton-|facts to let the

‘amazed by Stassen’s claim that! picking, wheat-shocking, cow- bis own verdict.

Nixon would hurt the ticket milking, calfroping or calf-- Here are some ma branding” contest |. Congress : Thornton told the cheering the 224 «

Colorado Republican State As legistative requests by

sembly, “I'm not a synthetic President in 1956 second farmer” and hurled the chal- son of the 86th, Congress lenge. See CONGRESS, F. AlS. Col.

made (the

plained that their maraliyre 1

». i

5 c ; &





Sunder, July


, 1996


Report Attacks ‘Paper Curtain’

By Warren Unna Sie Reporter

The House Government Op erations Committee charged

yesterday that a “paper cur tain” of secrecy has been de- scending over Federal Govern- ment operations for the past 20 years and is now so Many layers thick people have a dif ficult time learning what Government is doing

The cOmment came in an interim report of the Govern ment Information Subcommit- tee which under Rep. John E Moss (D-Calif.) has so far com- pleted 30 hear'ng sessions and taken testimony from 129 wil- nesses.

The report. 93 pages long. rade these commerts:

°° A pater- nalism is being used by Gov- ernment officials to withhold information “an intelligent electorate not only needs. but has an inalienable right to know.”

® Not only are Government officials setting themselves up as judges of what news should be dispensed, Congress itself has been lax in not insisting that the Government agencies, which are its own creatures, regard their work as the pub- lic's business. Moreover, the very bigness of today’s Fed- eral Government makes public surveillance of admiristration activities extrerely difficult.

® The Department of Com- merce’s Office of Strategic In- formation, Business Advisory Council and advisory comiuit- tees deserve particular criti cism for suppressing informa- tion ® The Department of Defense both the most “restrictive” and the “most confused Gov- ernment agercy. and Robert T Ross, Assistant Defense Secre- tary for Legislative and Public Affairs has a powerless throne atop a “pyramid of sand.”

The Department and its com- ponent branches “are classify- ing documents at ‘such a rate that the Pentagon may some Gay become no more than a huge storage bin protected by triple-combination safes and a few security guards.”

® The Office of Strategic In- formation should be abol- ished: the Business Advisory Council shoulc be limited in its claim to both Government and non-Government preroga- tives: scientists should be per- mitted to resume unmarked mailing of unclassified scien- tiie data to their overseas colleagues; and Congress should “clearly enunciate the fundamental! principle that the public busines: is the public's business.”

“Abuse” of Order Hit

The report said the current Administration had made a “flagrant abuse” of President Eisenhower's May 17. 1954 itet- ter to Secretary of Defense Charies E. Wilson forbidding surrender of Executive Branch


their hic

correspondence te the Army McCarthy hearing

“lt seems inconceivable,” the report declared, “thgt 19 Go. ernment departments and apen- cles would cite this letter as @ shadowy cloak of aulhormy te restrict or withheld mifoermatsen from the Congress and the pub

The Subcommittee peor poohed the current Admimumstre tion's discarding of the “Te stricted” information labe! and said ttt has been replaced & such “ingenious offspring’ as “For Air Force Eyes Only.” “For Official Use.” PriveteOt ficial” and “While This Deore ment is Unclassified. MN w for Use Only in Industry and Net for Public Release.”

30 New Labels L sed

Altogether, the report found 40 Federal agencies have Gevel oped “some 309 new labels to identify non-security imforma- tion they wish to keep from pub lic view.”

Through the past 39 years the report found. “emtire age= cies were exempted, by default from the day-to-day publar scrw tiny that was the rule of pre vious decades. And ence re moved from such critacal are tiny, officials easily forget that they were merely tranment cas todians of the people's business They assumed that eniy they could understand the imtrucarces of their own official operstions and they adopted the attstude not of public servants, bal of private executives respomsibic only to the board of directors and its chairman—in thes cae the President and the Cabeunct.”

The report reserwed harshest words for the Office of Strategic Information. Tt teok three hearings even to get OSI to admit what fs fumctiens were supposed to be, the repor declared. and then i turned out the agency wasnt even per- forming them.

Holds Agency Unjustiied

The report concluded: “OST witnesses have been unedic to justify the exisienne of the agency. cither for the purpose of restricting unclassified im- formation from within the


Government, or controlling uz

classified information from owt- side the Government”

The report repested eariier findings by the House Judiciary Committee on the Commerce Department's Business Ad visory Council

It declared: “When ached about advice given by the BAC. the Commerce Department ex plains that the BAC is 2 private organization. When the -* cil ftself is asked about is activities, expiaims that its records . : Coverninett records, therefore nor. availabiec the Gortrime of executive privilege The moet result of this effori of the Com- merce Department is to deny

Table of

Section A—Main News and Features

Section B—City Life Federal Diary. weather. obituaries, local and world news.

Section C—Sports Great Outdoors page. sports results, hunting and fishing.

Section D—C lassified

Section E—Outlook Editorials. area and world | news and features. book reviews, art news, garden- | ing activities, travel and resort news.

Real Estate Section, formerly


Section F—For and sbeat


Social activities. mews cf

engagements and weddimgs, (CPS o~y Brame* actually uemplement


Section G—TV Eadie Werk News of television and radio, commests and bogs, crossword puzrzie

Section H—Show

Drama. music and ante ment news and features

| The American Weekly

Parade Magazine

| Twe Big Comic Sections

published m the Sunday Post

and Times Herald, now appears in Saturday editions


Sec. Pg.' Bob Addie Alsops Anne's Trading Post Art Calendar Irston R. Barnes ... Book Reviews one James H. Beattie ... Franklin R. Bruns . Business Outlook “Country Livm'” John Crosby ue Crossword Puzzle .. Death Notices : District Affairs .... Editorials Education Directory Herbert Elliston ... Engagements Federal Diary Eddie Gallaher ... Gallup Poll Garden Clubs Golf News Goren on Bridge . naan Aubrey Graves .... Walter Haight Nate Haseltine Mary Haworth Evelyn Hayes .. Herblock Paul Herron Hedda Hopper

= > Wve


_~ ~~ NOMWOsLS G4 «3


*@sie Gi OG SOG a-iwe Div +i G ts Ses Om = «3 & & 05 OS

HSM OMBDOM Se wwe OO awa

—_ = ~— =

Horoscope - Horses and People . How to Keep Well




Robert P. Jordan cs

BPOmwe ato

| J. A. Livingston .

| Maryland Affairs | Derethy McCardie .

| Merry<Go Round

| Benjamin Muse .

| Obituaries Me | On the Town Si | Lowella Parsons ...

| Katherine B. Poser

| Mary Van R. Thayer | This Morning | Today's Calendar .. | Tewn Topics

; Travel and Resorts .

Magazine Rack

Winzola McLendon . Marie McNair

Movie Guide

‘2 += ewrevasteée OBO ww = &

Music Calendar The Naturalist . Night Club

Drew Pearson The Philatelist Pinfeathers, Pegasus Leslie Judd Portner

ws “Se Ge 4G & VO lew Hd

Shirtey Povich

ACM ewe twtatetans oe of ;

Record Player Paul Sampson Service Set

Show Times Today . Stamps

Stock Market Sunday Radio Log . TV Backtalk

TV People


og Sas RES ROT

Virginia Affairs “s Weather Table Weddings

Outstanding Articles

House committee attacks United. States agencies’ “paper

curtain™ of secrecy. —. D. C. oe = Potomac bridge.

Service Diary. Page 51.


conference on plans for new

Page BL Jerry Kiuttz, in first of a series, explains how the new Civdl retirement bill will benefit Federal employes. Federal

7- (nese

mn uueS eos

Pledge Support of Nixon

Reps. Patrick 3. Willings (2 -C alll), teft. and Elferd A. Ceder- bere (2 Mich.) shew the petition signed by 199 of the 787% Repo an members of the House. pledging support of Vice Presikieat Niceow as the President's running mate.

aad the seo tm So, tte aAclLivies

onuzrress f “7 ho

be BAC steanaiabailel

The regect recommended 1 pebiecity on afl Commerce @ Agrrulture Depertment ad sory commmnitiees and metsted hat the “Insiders” wie sit on comm iees share

fy at :

Toone nmastiocs with th of the Sasumess wor'id before the spemies of the sexst days mar ee .. The mande?

sharply repr ihe Civil Service Com masse for clactyng rt had the mierest power” of the Ex ecutive Branch to keep mformsa usm from the pudlic

The repgoct said- “In contend mg thet the “Grty Deen’ of the CSC should be ‘washed within your own office and own family and mot m@ pubic. the Comms som represecisiives failed tt realize that the a= acy i not anpome s ‘tamil;

The repect san that scent: ;


Commission has now instruct- ed ts emplorvres # is their ‘positive duty” to inform the public eon CSC activities; the Pest Office Department no longer objects to the publica- tiem of the names of persons eligible fer postmasterships. the Treasury has agreed to sponsor legisigtion for making public applications for tax ex-

t emptions Oy nonprofit organi-

zations; the Navy no longer uses the “Private-Ofiicial stamp to Keep information se- the Agriculture Depart- ment will publicize its changes im interest rates and loans: and the Interstate Commerce Com- guission has agreea to open a sublic information effice and reconsider a move to keep railroad accident statistics con- fidential Heiman Gives Viewer Aithough the Moss Subcom- mittee findings were weani- mous, Rep. Clare E. Hoffman Rich.) senior Republican $ member, submitted additional

-ret ci <€.t.

=> yiews.

foreign: 6 col- Magurs.

“Stamped correspondence gives fertigm mitellgence age ,caes a D@ady means of dete mun- ing whe te America is cocre- spoms- 7g wk whee m their cougptry “-<he report declared. “Tie requirement i not only mefiective Sat comstitutes an affromt to thew Acerican scien- Lisis petruuscs asd good judz- pent”

Tie report also recommended that the State Department re ‘ee Ms sieace astliache pre gram: «= that thus countrys erm bassars abroad cam help further the Dterraenge of Bew scieD- ufac dev elopanents. Limgpreteme ats Neted

The regect rapped the Bu ream of the Budget fer using velo powers over information coming from imdependent agen- t arged that the Execu-

espousal of freedom of im

leorudat som by actively encourag

mg this polxy the Tanks

The Sebrocumilice meted

‘there have been some definite

mproneswntis m Government agencies sumce its hearings be- gam last \ovember

i said the Cyril Service




4-Deor Deluxe 2 seat; used 1,000 miles, New Car War-

Hoffman said the President is “under mo obliga*ion to ex- plaim or justify Dis acts, either to individuals or the Congress” when he 1s exercising his Con- stitution-granted authority.

Hoffman further said: “If Baecutive departments were to furtish all mformation which might be demanced by the in- dividual citizen or groups of citizens. they would have in- sufficient time to perform their necessary duties

The Congressman also ob jected to the press's clamor for mere Government information im view of the recen* refusal of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch te appear before the House Avgropriations Committee to answer questions dm one o. its editorials.

The newspaper. in declining to testify. said: “Such a de velopment would place free dom of the press uncer fear of congressional inquiry and thus restrict the information

of information inquiry the end of September with witnesses from the Department of De




Promunent Nafonsl Manufac-

‘Returns from

Austin contractor.

Lead Held

By Daniel —_

By Preston McGraw Utited Press

DALLAS. Tex.. July 723 @

cratic primary looked increas- ingly tonight like a runoff in four weeks between U. S. Sen

\Price Daniel and Ralph Yar-

borough. former district judge from Austin

There were enough votes out for the race to go almost any- way. theoreticaily. but since the counting first started by the Texas election bureau, the re- sults had Daniel No. 1. Yar borough No. 2 and W. Lee ODaniel No. 3

The distance between Yar- borough and O' Daniel was much closer than it was between Yar-

|Sorough and Daniel. The three

other candidates J. Evetts Haley, a Canyon, Tex. rancher and Wistoriar.; J. J- Holthes, an and former legisiator Reuben Senterfitt— were far behind.

4 10 p m tabulation by the

Texas election bureau gave: Daniel 47.523 votes. Haley 9042, Holmes #91. O Daniel Senterfitt 2084 and Yarborough


These returns did not include many from the creek.” however. O'Daniel had made his most passionate appeals. Observers said it was possible the rural vote could change the position of O'Daniel and Yarborough.

To win without a runoff. @

candidate has to get es many .

votes as ali his op nts put together, plus 1. chance was mot great that any candi- date im the gubernatorial race could do that.

As the night wore on, majori- ties piled up in favor of present bans against letting down racial berriers. In a threequestion referendum. The results of the referendum will be a sort of

mandate from the people to the legislature, but have no other efiect in themselves.

Probe Schedule On Leasing of Public Lands

the hot gover- imor’s race in the Texas Demo


“forks of the he to which'*.*

Tried Press

4 3 man Senate Subcommit- tee will investigate reports that oil companies are violating the legal limit on the amount of public lands which one corpora tion or individual may hold under mineral lease.

Sen. James E. Murray (D- Mont.), chairman of the Senate interior Committee, appointed, the subcommittee yesterday. It is composed of Chairman Clinton P. Anderson (D-N. ML.) and Sens. Joseph C. O Mahoney (D-Wyo.) and Barry M. Goid- water (R-Ariz).

Murray said the Subcomait- tee is also empowered to inves- tigate leasing of Indian lands


1's, acres of epece, lowe octal lished location im the heart of

Texas Vote |White’s Pre-War Plan 'For Navy Is Disclosed

By William Galbraith United Press

Harry Dexter White, one-

time Roosevelt Administration

aide accused of spying for Rus-

sia, proposed just three weeks struck

before the Japanese Pearl Harbor that the United

States pull the bulk of its Navy)

out of the Pacific.

This was disclosed by the St Department yesterday in a volume of long-secret diplo- matic papers dealing with the days before the Japanese at- tack. White's proposal was part of an over-all plan which he said would block a head. long United StatesJapan race into War.

At the time White was a spe- cial assistant to then Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau Jr. When later accused of spy- ing for Russia he denied the charges. He died shortly there- after.

White's plan was forwarded to Secretary of State Cordell Hull by Morgenthau. An ae- companying letter said a copy was being sent to President


Nenaggression Pact

White said if Mr. Roosevelt would propose his plan and Ja- pan accepted, Japan would be transformed from “a threaten- ing and belligerent powerful enemy into a peaceful and pros- perous neighbor.” The plan. said, would “bring peace and assure the subsequent defeat of Germany!”

Under the plan the United States would have agreed to “withdraw the bulk of her naval forces from the Pacific.” sign a 20-year nonaggression pact with Japan, persuade Britain to give Hong Kong back to China,” and take other steps favorable to Japan.

In return Japan would with- draw all her military forces from China, Indochina and Thailand, give up all extra- territorial rights_in China, re-' move most Japanese from Manchuria

forces | “provided |

put of planes and tanks and ships,” he wrote.

Enthusiastic Response

The proposal got an enthu- siastic response from the State Department. Maxwell M. Ham- ilton, chief of the Department's Far East Division, called it “the most constructive one which I have yet seen.”

“I have shown the proposal to all of the senior officers of FE (the Far East Division) and all of them concur in that view,” he wrote.

The Department nonetheless made some revisions in the plan. These called for Japan lo negotiate a nonaggression pact with the United States, China, Britain, The Nether. lands, Thailand and the Soviet Union.

The Army said it saw “no objection” to using the revised plan as a basis for discussion.

The Navy, however, was sharply against some features. Adm. Harold R. Stark, Chief of Naval Operations, said the provision calling for with-


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“It commits’ the United States to naval restrictions without imposing compensat- ing naval restrictions on Japan,” he said.

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2 Skindivers Expl

NEW YORK, July 28 Two socialite daredevils said today they dived 160 feet into the Atlantic with aqualungs and explored the sunken Italian luxury line Andrea Doria for “six o.” seven minutes.”

Peter Gimble, a member of the New York City department store family, and Joseph Fox, Bedford, N. Y., went down to the port side of the Andrea Doria yesterday while yacht- ing

They said they saw no bodies in the murky waters 45 miles off Nantucket island but that bubbles and debris were con)- ing out of the hull

“Furniture, blankets and jug- gave and wrekage are coming out.” Gimble said. “We have no claim on her, of course, but it was a tremendous sight

“The ship is very much alive and air will be bubbling up for months. She is lying on her starboard side about 160 feet below the surface

The starboard side, which was «mashed oven by the bow of the Swedish liner Stock- holm. lay on the bottom, 250 feet below the suriace

Gimbel said the Coast Guard “couldn't have been more ac- curate” when they dropped an anchor and marker buoy to mark the site of the sinking The